عنوان مقاله [English]
The topic of Attributes is one of the important topics of Theology and Hakim Sabzevari, based on philosophical principles, has explained and elucidated its content according to “Objectivity of Attributes and Essence”, “Gradation of Attributes”, and “Content Participation of the Attributes”, answering various theological groups and the People of Hadith. He also has answered the theory of Essence’s Deputyship of the Attributes, and the criticism of Kulayni on the excess of Divine will from the Essence. According to Hakim Sabzevari, the mentioned principles are based on philosophical principles such as the “بسیط الحقیقة کل الأشیاء و لیس بشیء منها”, and “واجبالوجود بالذّات واجبالوجود من جمیع الجهات”, and the principle of Higher Possibility. He answers the critic of Kulayni based on gradation of the Divine Attributes. Also he uses the principle of Higher Possibility in criticizing the theory of Essence’s Deputyship of the Attributes. In doing so, he finds the Essence the inventor of the Attributes in the utmost perfection and highest level. According to Hakim Sabzevari lack of complete understanding of such philosophical principles and rules will lead to miss understanding of relation between the Essence and the Attributes.