عنوان مقاله [English]
Wilferd Ferdinand Madelung, the author of “The Succession to Muhammad”, is a German orientalist whom has reviewed the topic of Prophet’s succession in a special approach. His view in comparison with other orientalists is more knowledgeable and fair but due to his cultural, political and social limitations he was not able to explain the problem completely. Madelung has referred to Quran’s view in regards to prophet’s successorship at the beginning of his book and believes that the Quran has no verse in regards to this matter, however it has many recommendations for looking after the family and relatives of the Prophet. Also he has mentioned the approach of previous prophets in choosing the successor which states that they usually tend to choose one among their relatives as their successor and had this idea that through those verses it could be concluded that the holy Prophet was concerned with the severity of this matter and had liked to choose a person among his family to be his successor, but before he was able to do so, his death arrived suddenly and he was not able to complete his task. In addition he tends to review the verses in which the virtues of Ahlul-Bayt has been mentioned and rejects their implications. This article will try to explain his view in regards to successorship of the Prophet and then it will criticize it through facts and logic.